Considering all the modalities and characteristics of adolescent treatment, it is important to note that as with many other medical conditions, treatment does not ensure a “cure.” The efficacy of treatment can be quite difficult to measure due to unique patient characteristics that may play a role in that person’s treatment experience. However, recent research has greatly advanced the statistical and clinical efforts in determining which program characteristics and modalities have the most successful outcomes for adolescents.
Unfortunately, a return to drug use (or relapse) is a fairly common occurrence among adolescents. Among youth treated for alcohol or drug problems, one third to one half are likely to return to some drug use at least once within 12 months following treatment. The aforementioned therapeutic elements and modalities can greatly affect the efficacy of treatment, but additional variables also have been shown to impact continued recovery and reduce the risk of relapse.
Programs need to contain key essential elements of effective treatment for adolescents which